Skateboarders say they often face opposition in Shanghai.

Shanghai (AFP) - An argument erupts after a skateboarder whizzes past a toddler, narrowly avoiding clattering into the little girl.

On another occasion, a security guard throws buckets of water on a stretch of concrete to stop skateboarders practising there.

Skateboarding will make its Olympic debut in Tokyo next year, but many in the growing scene in Shanghai complain that they have few places to go and are looked down upon as trouble-makers.

Guan Kangrong travels more than one hour to visit a public skate park next to the Huangpu River, which runs through Shanghai.

The trouble is that it is frequently busy with small children – themselves deprived of places to run free as Shanghai modernises and residential, office and retail blocks compete for space.

Near-misses involving the skateboarders and children are frequent, as are rows with the parents.

“It happened this morning – we had a small skateboarding activity in the skatepark but kids came and occupied the place,” said the 16-year-old Guan.

In crowded Shanghai, small children often play in places frequented by skateboarders.

“Their parents criticised us and tried to persuade us (to leave). If we cannot reach an agreement, an argument follows.”

The parents and their children, who cascade down the concrete ramps on “bum sliders” designed for snow, usually win and many skateboarders have been scared off, said Guan.

There is a sign saying the area is for skateboarding only, but it is so small that few people see it and security guards show little desire to enforce the rule.

The facility is also falling into disrepair, the concrete cracked and crumbling, while metal grooves running along the ground are an unwelcome hazard.

- ‘Lack of discipline’ -

The Shanghai city government declined comment to AFP.

However, state media in May hit out at a group of young skateboarders practising their moves on one of Shanghai’s busiest shopping streets.

They were accused of “lack of self-discipline” and duly told to clear off.

Skateboarding spots are few and far between in busy Shanghai.

The Xinmin Evening News said there were plenty of dedicated skateboard areas in the city of 24 million people, including the battleground riverside park.

Kong Jianhao, founder of skater group BASE, said that summed up the opposition he and his friends often face.

Many of the young skateboarders sport tattoos, adding to the impression that they are a fringe group in a society where conformity is strongly encouraged.

“In foreign countries skateboarding can be as popular as cycling and roller-skating,” said the 26-year-old.

“However, in China, skateboarding is a ‘special’ sport because Chinese may think it dangerous and niche.

“The majority of older people may think skateboarders are not good kids and skateboarding is not a good sport.”

Kong, who has a tattoo on one bicep, founded BASE nine years ago. It now has at least 2,000 members, many of them teenagers or students, and he says skateboarding is increasing in popularity.

The local sports authority has begun organising competitions, he said, and old-fashioned attitudes are slowly changing.

- ‘They drive us away’ -

But while perceptions are softening, skateboarders say they face a squeeze on where they can go.

There are paid-for facilities in Shanghai, but these tend to be expensive and inconvenient to reach, say many skateboarders.

Skateboarding will make its Olympic debut at the 2020 Tokyo Games.

They would be happy to practise on the streets or in other public spaces, but sometimes they are fined or chased away by the black-shirted security guards that are omnipresent in Chinese cities.

For the past year Chen Xaifei, a university student, has travelled more than one hour to visit a specially built public facility in a western suburb.

But when AFP recently visited Linkong skate park it was unclear whether it was still open.

The 19-year-old Chen, whose tattoos include a US dollar on one arm, said: “If we want to go inside, we need to climb over (the fence).

“To clear us out of here, security guards even sprayed water on the ground before.

“From Monday to Friday, they will not care too much about you, but on weekends they are strict and drive us away.”